ABA Therapy Controversy: Extensive Information About the ABA


ABA is a form of therapy that uses reinforcement tactics to help people with social, communication, and learning difficulties.

Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or other developmental disorders have a lot of options for treatment, but many experts believe ABA to be the gold standard. However, there are some instances in which it is utilised to treat different conditions, such as:

  • Problems with Substance Use
  • Dementia
  • Brain damage and mental decline
  • Problems with eating
  • Anxiety and its associated disorders, including OCD, panic disorder, and phobia
  • Affective Disorders
  • Disturbance at the personality’s borderline

The effectiveness, expense, and controversy surrounding applied behaviour analysis (ABA) for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) will be the primary topics covered in this article.

How does it work?

As ABA is implemented in stages, it can be adapted to your child’s unique needs.

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Is there anything you can say about the controversy about ABA?

In recent years, ABA has sparked a great deal of discussion. Many people on the autism spectrum and those who support them are very opposed to this treatment and have spoken out against it.

Among the many objections are:

  • By removing the child’s ability to express disagreement, ABA violates their basic human rights.
  • As a result of this treatment, children are bullied and degraded.
aba therapy controversy
  • The ABA therapists are excessively strict and don’t consider the child’s uniqueness.
  • Many of these criticisms date back to the technique’s infancy.

Up to 40 hours of therapy each week was commonplace in past decades. This time was mostly spent sitting at a desk or table working on various projects. In the past, undesirable actions were usually met with harsh repercussions. Also, efforts to make kids “normal” were frequently highlighted. A “neurotypical” individual is one whose cognitive and intellectual development is typical for their age.

Neurodiversity, the spectrum of possible brain functions in humans, is gaining widespread acceptance today. The answer is a shift away from the goal of “fixing” those with an autism spectrum disorder.

Treatment focuses on modifying challenging behaviours instead, helping kids build the resilience and self-reliance they’ll need to thrive as adults. Therapists today are less likely to reprimand undesirable behaviours and more likely to simply ignore them.

That’s the Essence

Many children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have benefited from ABA since it has helped them acquire necessary life skills. Effective communication skills and fewer destructive actions, such as self-injury, are two of the many benefits.

It’s important to keep in mind that although ABA is widely regarded as an excellent therapy for assisting with many of the symptoms found in children who have been diagnosed with ASD (including stimming, head-banging, and self-injurious behaviours), this treatment may not be the best option for all children.

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The Effects of ABA on Physical Health

A youngster on the autistic spectrum can benefit from applied behaviour analysis in order to learn how to handle social situations that they are unfamiliar with.

Encouragement and praise. In ABA therapy, a kid receives a reward whenever he or she successfully completes a task or demonstrates the target behaviour. According to the research, people are more likely to repeat an action if they are rewarded for it with something they value. Long-term, consistent application of ABA techniques can help your youngster internalise those positive habits. ‌

Both actions and their results are taken into consideration. Positive actions are reinforced, and negative ones are rebuked. Your child can benefit greatly from the use of applied behaviour analysis in helping them understand the relationship between triggers and consequences of their actions.

Your youngster can do one of two things if his or her instructor asks the class to pick up their toys. In case kids start picking up the toys, praise is given (positive consequence). Children are disciplined in the event that they act out by screaming, throwing a tantrum, or refusing. ‌

Teacher indifference to your child’s disruptive behaviour is a common response. There won’t be any positive reinforcement until your youngster either stops or shows signs of wanting to comply with the demand.

Your kid gradually figures out what’s okay to do and what’s not in their social circle. When using ABA, you want your child’s good habits to stick with them even when they leave the therapy room. Your kid will have an easier time in social settings like school, parties, and family gatherings if they know what is expected of them.

During the initial stages of ABA treatment, the therapist will work with you and your child to establish behavioural goals. In order to determine the best course of treatment for your child, they will have a conversation with you about your expectations for therapy. Your child’s development over time will dictate whether or not new objectives are established.

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